Health

Breathing dirty air may lead to kidney failure

  

Pns: Air pollution may increase the risk of chronic kidney disease, which can lead to the failure of the organ, a study has warned. Outdoor air pollution has long been linked to major health conditions such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.The new study by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in the US now adds kidney disease to the list. Researchers evaluated the effects of air pollution and kidney disease on nearly 2.5...

DNA study reveals new fertility clue

  

Pns: The DNA of human embryos has been altered and studied for the first time in the UK, offering new insight into the early stages of human development. Scientists at the Francis Crick Institute, a medical research center, have identified the role of a key gene that controls how embryos form during the first few days of development.Understanding the biology behind these early stages could help in the discovery of ways to improve the success of in-vitro fertilization, offer some...

Chronic fatigue therapy 'could help teenagers', study says

  

Pns: A training programme tested on children with mild or moderate chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) can reduce fatigue and increase attendance at school, a small study from the University of Bristol suggests. The Lightning Process, a type of brain therapy, was used alongside specialist medical care. But ME charities said they did not recommend or endorse the process. The NHS currently recommends behavioural and exercise therapy.Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), also known as myalgic...

Smokers with HIV more at risk of lung cancer than AIDS: Study

  

Pns: People living with HIV who adhere to antiretroviral therapy but smoke cigarettes are 10 times more likely to die from lung cancer than from AIDS, a study led by an Indian-origin scientist warns. Researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) in the US found that smoking and HIV together put people at risk of developing lung cancer at a rate even higher than that among smokers not infected with HIV. They found that nearly 25 per cent of people who adhere well to...

The world is running out of antibiotics: WHO

  

Pns: Too few new antibiotics are under development to combat the threat of multidrug-resistant infections, according to a new World Health Organization report published Tuesday. Adding to the concern: It is likely that the speed of increasing resistance will outpace the slow drug development process. As of May, a total of 51 antibiotics and 11 biologicals -- medical products often made from natural sources -- are being developed, the new report said."The idea is that biologicals...

Some may need a little help monitoring blood pressure at home

  

Pns: Home blood pressure monitoring is on the upswing in the United States. But some adults are less likely to do so than others, a new study finds. Lower rates of home monitoring were found among those who did not have at least a high school diploma and those with no partner, according to the study. The American Heart Association advises anyone with high blood pressure, also called hypertension, to monitor it at home."Home monitoring allows hypertensive individuals to take...

Less than 7 hours of sleep may aggravate kidney disease

  

Pns: People with chronic kidney disease may be vulnerable to the deleterious effects of poor sleep (6.5 hours per night), according to a new study. Chronic kidney disease is characterised by a gradual loss of kidney function over time and may eventually lead to kidney failure, leading patients to undergo dialysis or a kidney transplant. Chronic kidney disease can be caused by diabetes, high blood pressure and other disorders. Previous research has said that chronic kidney disease...

Rome sets mosquito campaign after chikungunya cases

  

Pns: The city of Rome on Wednesday announced it would carry out a fast-track, anti-mosquito campaign after a string of suspected cases of the insect-borne chikungunya virus were detected in the region. The move was criticised as too late by the national minister of health, who added it was likely that blood donations in Rome may have to be halted to help stop transmission of the disease.In a statement, city hall said disinfection and other anti-mosquito measures would be carried...

Tobacco products banned at UNL

  

Pns: Smoking, tobacco and vaping products will no longer be allowed on the University of Nebraska-Lincoln campus beginning Jan. 1, a move prompted by a student-led initiative. A survey conducted by the Association of Students of the University of Nebraska showed wide support for blanket restrictions on UNL property. Nearly 84 percent of students and 88 percent of faculty said they supported a ban.Under the policy, cigarettes, cigars, pipes, hookahs, e-cigarettes, smokeless...

Pen' identifies cancer in 10 seconds

  

Pns: A handheld device can identify cancerous tissue in 10 seconds, according to scientists at the University of Texas. They say it could make surgery to remove a tumour quicker, safer and more precise. And they hope it would avoid the "heartbreak" of leaving any of the cancer behind. Tests, published in Science Translational Medicine, suggest the technology is accurate 96% of the time.The MasSpec Pen takes advantage of the unique metabolism of cancer cells. Their furious drive to...

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